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var commonjsWalker = require("commonjs-walker")

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commonjs-walker v8.0.0

Analyzer and tree walker for commonjs.

NPM version Build Status


Analyzes and walks down the dependencies from a commonjs entry and creates a walking tree.

var walker = require('commonjs-walker');

NOTICE that it will not walk down node_modules and any foreign packages.


  • require() a directory.
  • If a module is not found, commonjs-walker will attempt to load the required filename with the added extension of .js, .json, and then .node, according to File Modules
  • You can define what extensions should commonjs-walker fallback to by options.extensions, which will be very usefull for browser-side commonjs modules.


  // walk down another entry
  // walk down many entries
  .walk(['/path/to/entry3.js', '/path/to/entry4.js'])
  .done(function(err, nodes){
    // ...

Returns an EventEmitter.

Walks down from a entry point, such as package.main of commonjs or any JavaScript file based on CommonJS, and tries to create a walker.Module instance of the top level.

  • entry Path the absolute path of the entry point.
  • nodes Object the hashmap of <path>: <walker.Module>

If the file structure of your project is (actually it is a very extreme scenario):

       |-- index.js
       |-- a.png
       |-- a
           |-- index.json


var image = require.resolve('./a.png')




walker().walk('/path/to/index.js').done(function(err, nodes){

Then, the nodes object will be something like:

  '/path/to/index.js': {
    require: {
      './a': '/path/to/a/index.json',
      'b': 'b'
    resolve: {
      './a.png': '/path/to/a.png'
    content: <buffer>
  '/path/to/a.png': {
    require: {}
  '/path/to/a/index.json': {
    require: {},
    content: <buffer>
  'b': {
    foreign: true


All options are optional. By default, walker works in a very strict mode.

allow_cyclicBooleantruewhether should check cyclic dependencies
check_require_lengthBooleanfalsewhether should check the arguments.length of method require()
allow_non_literal_requireBooleantruewhether should check the usage of method require(). If false, the argument of require() must be an literal string.
comment_requireBooleantruewhether should parse @require(), @require.resolve and @require.async in comments.
require_resolveBooleantruewhether should analysis the usage of require.resolve().
require_asyncBooleantruewhether should record the usage of require.async().
allow_absolute_pathBooleantruewhether should allow to require an absolute path.
extensionsArray['.js', '.json', '.node']see options.extensions section


type Array

When we require() a path, if path is not found, nodejs will attempt to load the required filename with the added extension of .js, .json, and then .node. Reference via

But for browser-side environment, most usually, we do not support extension .node which is what options.extensions is for.

Especially, only tree values below are allowed:

  • ['.js']
  • ['.js', '.json'],
  • ['.js', '.json', '.node']

Frequent Options for Browsers

  allow_cyclic: false,
  strict_require: true,
  allow_absolute_path: false,
  extensions: ['.js', '.json']



Register compilers to precompile a file

  • compiler
    • compiler.test RegExp|String to match the given path
    • compiler.compiler function(content, options, callback)
      • callback function(err, result)
        • err Error=null
        • result.content String the compiled content.
        • result.js Boolean=false to indicate that if the compiled content is an javascript file.
        • result.json Boolean=false to indicate that if the compiled content is a json file.


Event: warn

  • message String

Emits if there is a warning. Warnings are potential problems that might break your code, including:

  • cyclic dependencies
  • require an absolute path

Struct: walker.Module

Actually, there is no walker.Module exists. We only use it to declare and describe the structure of the module.

For All types

foreignBooleanwhether the current module is from a foreign package.
requireObjectThe <id>: <path> map. id is the module identifier user require()d in the module file.

Class: walker.Error

  • code String the enum type of the error
  • message String error messages
  • stack String the origin error.stack
  • data Object the object of the major information of the error, this is useful for i18n.

Error codes



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