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koa-json-logger v1.0.2

KoaJS HTTP Request/Response/Error JSON format logger

koa-json-logger

KoaJS HTTP Request/Response/Error JSON format logger.

Build Status Coverage Status NPM version Dependency Status

The actual logging is done with node-bunyan

Credits and inspired by:

Code review, suggestions and pull requests very much welcome - thanks!

Overview

The basic goal of this module is to create log entries in JSON format for each HTTP request.

Success (<400) log entries will contain Request and Response details.

Error (>=400) log entries will contain Request, Response and Error details.

Success and Error logs will have their own file (two files).

In NODE_ENV development errors will also be output to the console.

500 error responses are logged in full detail but the HTTP user response will always be only 'Internal Server Error'.

Less than 500 and greater than 500 error responses are logged and passed through as is to the user in the HTTP response.

Higher level goals are:

  • Create uniform success and error log entries in JSON format for centralized logging
  • In particular tested and used with the ELK stack (Logstash, Elasticsearch and Kibana)
  • A unique ID (RFC4122 uuid v4) is also created for each log entry.
  • This uid can be used in other application logs, which end up in ELK, so you can correlate the request or error with other application log entries.
  • Support JSON API response type

Below will be some sample log entries in pretty print and also some screen shots of how they look in Kibana.

Install

npm install koa-json-logger

Usage

var koaJsonLogger = require('koa-json-logger');

app.use(koaJsonLogger());

I suggest it's best to use this middleware high in the middleware stack so any and all downstream errors are logged.

Logs will go into a log/ directory relative to file that instruments the Koa app, so you'll need to create this folder.

Default use will create two log files:

log/app.log will contain req/res log entries.

log/app_error.log will contain error log entries.

Log files are not auto rotated, recommend using system file rotation facility such as logrotate on Linux or logadm on SmartOS/Illumos.

Current config options are:

  • name (String default: 'app') configures the log file name and name property of the log entry.

  • path (String default: 'log') configures the log directory (relative) to use.

  • jsonapi (Boolean default: false) will set the response Content-type to application/vnd.api+json and ensure 500 responses are in JSON API format

Example:

  app.use(koaJsonLogger({
    name: 'myCoolApp',
    path: 'logs',
    jsonapi: true
  }));

When you throw an application error it's best to always use throw

Example:

`this.throw(403, 'Access Denied');`

See the docs for throw details.

You can return errors this way (no throw) but without throwing this will end up in the standard log file - not the error log file.

So best not to do it this way (the error message in the body will not be logged):

// Not a good way to an return error
this.status = 401;
this.body = 'Access Denied';

If using JSON API set jsonapi: true - response Content-type header will be set to application/vnd.api+json

You can then throw errors like this for example:

this.throw(401, {
  message: {
    status: 401,
    title: 'Unauthorized',
    detail: 'No Authorization header found'
  }
}

The unique ID (uid) set for each request and can be accessed/used with this.uuid

For example using Bunyan elsewhere in your application for logging you could use the uid like so:

logger.info({uid: this.uuid}, 'Application log message here');

Then you can correlate http request/response/error log entries with you application log entries based on the uid.

Please review the test suite for further details.

Tests with code coverage report in test/coverage

Note: Requires nodes at least v0.11.13 (earlier v0.11 versions may work, have not checked for this).

git clone the full repo: git clone git@github.com:rudijs/koa-json-logger.git

cd koa-json-logger

npm install

npm test

Code Linting

npm run lint

Sample Success Log Entry (pretty print)

{
   "name":"rsm-api",
   "hostname":"dev",
   "pid":30213,
   "level":30,
   "uid":"37154307-aed2-4e10-b702-97ed9e7d4a3b",
   "req":{
      "url":"/users/539d77e8cd4e834b710a103a",
      "headers":{
     "host":"127.0.0.1:3000",
     "connection":"keep-alive",
     "cache-control":"no-cache",
     "user-agent":"Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/33.0.1750.152 Safari/537.36",
     "content-type":"application/vnd.api+json",
     "accept":"*/*",
     "accept-encoding":"gzip,deflate,sdch",
     "accept-language":"en-US,en;q=0.8"
      },
      "method":"GET",
      "ip":"::ffff:127.0.0.1",
      "protocol":"http",
      "originalUrl":"/users/539d77e8cd4e834b710a103a",
      "query":{}
   },
   "res":{
      "statusCode":200,
      "responseTime":15,
      "headers":{
     "cache-control":"no-store, no-cache",
     "x-content-type-options":"nosniff",
     "x-download-options":"noopen",
     "x-xss-protection":"1; mode=block",
     "x-frame-options":"DENY",
     "vary":"Accept-Encoding",
     "content-type":"application/json; charset=utf-8",
     "content-length":"66"
      }
   },
   "msg":"",
   "time":"2014-08-21T16:24:24.118Z",
   "v":0
}

Sample Error Log Entry (pretty print)

{
   "name":"rsm-api",
   "hostname":"dev",
   "pid":30213,
   "level":50,
   "uid":"ec874d07-dd94-4298-a4c3-8181a6803d4a",
   "req":{
      "url":"/users/539d77e8cd4e834b710a103a",
      "headers":{
     "host":"127.0.0.1:3000",
     "connection":"keep-alive",
     "cache-control":"no-cache",
     "user-agent":"Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/33.0.1750.152 Safari/537.36",
     "content-type":"application/vnd.api+json",
     "accept":"*/*",
     "accept-encoding":"gzip,deflate,sdch",
     "accept-language":"en-US,en;q=0.8"
      },
      "method":"GET",
      "ip":"::ffff:127.0.0.1",
      "protocol":"http",
      "originalUrl":"/users/539d77e8cd4e834b710a103a",
      "query":{}
   },
   "res":{
      "statusCode":401,
      "responseTime":3,
      "headers":{
     "cache-control":"no-store, no-cache",
     "x-content-type-options":"nosniff",
     "x-download-options":"noopen",
     "x-xss-protection":"1; mode=block",
     "x-frame-options":"DENY",
     "vary":"Accept-Encoding"
      }
   },
   "err":{
      "message":{
     "status":401,
     "title":"Unauthorized",
     "detail":"Please sign in to complete this request."
      },
      "name":"Error",
      "stack":"Error: Unauthorized\n    at Object.module.exports [as throw] (/media/crypt2/projects/ride-share-market-api/node_modules/koa/lib/context.js:84:48)\n    at Object.authorization (/media/crypt2/projects/ride-share-market-api/app/middlewares/authorization.js:49:19)\n    at GeneratorFunctionPrototype.next (native)\n    at Object.<anonymous> (/media/crypt2/projects/ride-share-market-api/node_modules/koa-router/node_modules/koa-compose/index.js:29:12)\n    at GeneratorFunctionPrototype.next (native)\n    at next (/media/crypt2/projects/ride-share-market-api/node_modules/koa/node_modules/co/index.js:74:21)\n    at Object.<anonymous> (/media/crypt2/projects/ride-share-market-api/node_modules/koa/node_modules/co/index.js:45:5)\n    at next (/media/crypt2/projects/ride-share-market-api/node_modules/koa/node_modules/co/index.js:90:21)\n    at Object.<anonymous> (/media/crypt2/projects/ride-share-market-api/node_modules/koa/node_modules/co/index.js:45:5)\n    at next (/media/crypt2/projects/ride-share-market-api/node_modules/koa/node_modules/co/index.js:90:21)"
   },
   "msg":"",
   "time":"2014-08-21T16:26:52.338Z",
   "v":0
}

Kibana Success Screenshot example:

Kibana Success Screenshot

Kibana Error Screenshot example:

Kibana Error Screenshot

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