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nestjs-rate-limiter v1.0.1

A configurable rate limiter for NestJS

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Rate Limiter Module for NestJS

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Description

nestjs-rate-limiter is a module which adds in configurable rate limiting for NestJS applications.

Under the hood it uses rate-limiter-flexible.

Installation

npm i --save nestjs-rate-limiter

Or if you use Yarn:

yarn add nestjs-rate-limiter

Requirements

nestjs-rate-limiter is built to work with NestJS 6.x versions.

Usage

Include Module

First you need to import this module into your main application module:

app.module.ts

import { RateLimiterModule } from 'nestjs-rate-limiter';

@Module({
    imports: [RateLimiterModule],
})
export class ApplicationModule {}

Using Interceptor

Now you need to register the interceptor. You can do this only on some routes:

app.controller.ts

import { RateLimiterInterceptor } from 'nestjs-rate-limiter';

@UseInterceptors(RateLimiterInterceptor)
@Get('/login')
public async login() {
    console.log('hello');
}

Or you can choose to register the interceptor globally:

app.module.ts

import { APP_INTERCEPTOR } from '@nestjs/core';
import { RateLimiterModule, RateLimiterInterceptor } from 'nestjs-rate-limiter';

@Module({
    imports: [RateLimiterModule],
    providers: [
        {
            provide: APP_INTERCEPTOR,
            useClass: RateLimiterInterceptor,
        },
    ],
})
export class ApplicationModule {}

Decorator

You can use the @RateLimit decorator to specify the points and duration for rate limiting on a per controller or per route basis:

app.controller.ts

import { RateLimit } from 'nestjs-rate-limiter';

@RateLimit({ points: 1, duration: 60 })
@Get('/signup')
public async signUp() {
    console.log('hello');
}

The above example would rate limit the /signup route to 1 request every 60 seconds.

Note that when passing in options via the decorator, it will combine the options for the module (defined via RateLimiterModule.register or the default ones) along with the decorator options. While this should be fine for most use cases, if you have defined a global interceptor with a pointsConsumed option, that will also apply to all decorated requests. So if you need to have a different pointsConsumed for decorated requests than what you have defined globally, you must pass it in when writing your decorator.

Also note that if the keyPrefix is already in use, it will not update any options, only reuse the existing rate limiter object when it was last instantiated. This should be fine with the decorators, unless you manually specify a duplicate keyPrefix or reuse the same class and method names with the decorator.

Configuration

By default, the rate limiter will limit requests to 4 requests per 1 second window, using an in memory cache.

To change the settings for nestjs-rate-limiter, you can define a RateLimiterModuleOptions object when registering the module:

app.module.ts

@Module({
    imports: [
        RateLimiterModule.register({
            points: 100,
            duration: 60,
            keyPrefix: 'global',
        }),
    ],
    providers: [
        {
            provide: APP_INTERCEPTOR,
            useClass: RateLimiterInterceptor,
        },
    ],
})
export class ApplicationModule {}

The above example would rate limit the /login route to 1 request every 1 second using an im memory cache.

When defining your options, you can pass through any options supported by rate-limiter-flexible in order to setup any config needed. For a full list see https://github.com/animir/node-rate-limiter-flexible/wiki/Options.

The main important options (and the ones used solely by this library) are below.

type: string

This is the type of rate limiter that the underlying rate-limiter-flexible library will use to keep track of the requests made by users.

Valid values for this library are:

For examples showing how to define and setup different cache types, see the section in the README.

There are other options that the rate-limiter-flexible library supports, but aren't implemented within this library yet. Feel free to submit a PR adding support for those.

points: number

This is the number of 'points' the user will be given per period. You can think of points as simply the number of requests that a user can make in a set period.

The underlying library allows consuming a set amount of points per action, for instance maybe some actions a user can take, might be more resource intensive, and therefor take up more 'points'.

By default we assume all requests consume 1 point. But this can be set using the pointsConsumed configuration option or via the @RateLimit decorator.

pointsConsumed: number

As mentioned above, you can consume more than 1 point per invocation of the rate limiter.

By default this library is set to consume 1 point.

For instance if you have a limit of 100 points per 60 seconds, and pointsConsumed is set to 10, the user will effectively be able to make 10 requests per 60 seconds.

duration: number

This is the duration that the rate limiter will enforce the limit of points for.

This is defined in seconds, so a value of 60 will be 60 seconds.

keyPrefix: string

This defines the prefix used for all storage methods listed in the type option.

This can be used to define different rate limiting rules to different routes/controllers.

When setting up nestjs-rate-limiter, you should make sure that any keyPrefix values are unique. If they are not unique, then they will share the same rate limit.

By default, if you don't set this up, the underlying library will use a keyPrefix of rlflx. When using the @RateLimit decorator, the controller name and route name will be used.

For instance if you have the decorator on a controller, the keyPrefix will be the controllers name. If used on a route, it will be a combination of the controllers name and the route functions name.

Examples

With Redis

First you must install either the redis or ioredis package:

npm install --save redis
npm install --save ioredis

Then you must create a client (offline queue must be turned off) and pass it via the storeClient config option to RateLimiterModule.register:

app.module.ts

import * as redis from 'redis';
const redisClient = redis.createClient({ enable_offline_queue: false });

import * as Redis from 'ioredis';
const redisClient = new Redis({ enableOfflineQueue: false });

@Module({
    imports: [
        RateLimiterModule.register({
            type: 'Redis',
            storeClient: redisClient,
        }),
    ],
    providers: [
        {
            provide: APP_INTERCEPTOR,
            useClass: RateLimiterInterceptor,
        },
    ],
})
export class ApplicationModule {}

With Memcache

First you must install the memcached package:

npm install --save memcached

Then you must create a client and pass it via the storeClient config option to RateLimiterModule.register:

app.module.ts

import * as Memcached from 'memcached';
const memcachedClient = new Memcached('127.0.0.1:11211');

@Module({
    imports: [
        RateLimiterModule.register({
            type: 'Memcached',
            storeClient: memcachedClient,
        }),
    ],
    providers: [
        {
            provide: APP_INTERCEPTOR,
            useClass: RateLimiterInterceptor,
        },
    ],
})
export class ApplicationModule {}

With Postgres

First you must install the pg package:

npm install --save pg

Then you must create a client and pass it via the storeClient config option to RateLimiterModule.register:

app.module.ts

import { Pool } from 'pg';
const postgresClient = new Pool({
    host: '127.0.0.1',
    port: 5432,
    database: 'root',
    user: 'root',
    password: 'secret',
});

@Module({
    imports: [
        RateLimiterModule.register({
            type: 'Postgres',
            storeClient: postgresClient,
            tableName: 'rate_limiting', // not specifying this will create one table for each keyPrefix
        }),
    ],
    providers: [
        {
            provide: APP_INTERCEPTOR,
            useClass: RateLimiterInterceptor,
        },
    ],
})
export class ApplicationModule {}

Note that this limiter also supports using knex or sequelize with an additional parameter as noted at https://github.com/animir/node-rate-limiter-flexible/wiki/PostgreSQL#sequelize-and-knex-support.

With MySQL

First you must install either the mysql or mysql2 package:

npm install --save mysql
npm install --save mysql2

Then you must create a client and pass it via the storeClient config option to RateLimiterModule.register:

app.module.ts

import * as mysql from 'mysql';

import * as mysql from 'mysql2';

const mysqlClient = mysql.createPool({
    connectionLimit: 100,
    host: 'localhost',
    user: 'root',
    password: 'secret',
});

@Module({
    imports: [
        RateLimiterModule.register({
            type: 'MySQL',
            storeClient: mysqlClient,
            dbName: 'ratelimits',
            tableName: 'rate_limiting', // not specifying this will create one table for each keyPrefix
        }),
    ],
    providers: [
        {
            provide: APP_INTERCEPTOR,
            useClass: RateLimiterInterceptor,
        },
    ],
})
export class ApplicationModule {}

Note that this limiter also supports using knex or sequelize with an additional parameter as noted at https://github.com/animir/node-rate-limiter-flexible/wiki/MySQL#sequelize-and-knex-support.

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