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require("react-native/package.json"); // react-native is a peer dependency. var reactNativeBackgroundTimer = require("react-native-background-timer")

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react-native-background-timer v2.4.1

Emit event periodically (even when app is in the background)

React Native Background Timer

Emit event periodically (even when app is in the background).

Installation

  1. If you use Expo to create a project you'll just need to "eject".

    expo eject
    
  2. Install React Native Background Timer package.

    yarn add react-native-background-timer
    # or using npm
    npm install react-native-background-timer --save
    
  3. Link React Native Background Timer library. This step is not necessary when you use React Native >= 0.60 (and your app is not ejected from Expo).

    react-native link react-native-background-timer
    
  4. If you use CocoaPods or React Native >= 0.60 (and your app is not ejected from Expo) or your app is ejected from Expo, then before running your app on iOS, make sure you have CocoaPods installed and run:

    cd ios
    pod install
    

Link the library manually if you get errors:

  • Android: TypeError: Cannot read property 'setTimeout' of undefined or TypeError: null is not an object (evaluating 'RNBackgroundTimer.setTimeout')
  • iOS: Native module cannot be null

Android manual linking

  • android/settings.gradle

    + include ':react-native-background-timer'
    + project(':react-native-background-timer').projectDir = new File(rootProject.projectDir, '../node_modules/react-native-background-timer/android')
    
  • android/app/build.gradle

    dependencies {
    +   implementation project(':react-native-background-timer')
    }
    
  • android/app/src/main/java/com/your-app/MainApplication.java

    + import com.ocetnik.timer.BackgroundTimerPackage;
    
    @Override
    protected List<ReactPackage> getPackages() {
      return Arrays.<ReactPackage>asList(
    +   new BackgroundTimerPackage()
      );
    }
    

iOS manual linking

  • ios/Podfile

    + pod 'react-native-background-timer', :path => '../node_modules/react-native-background-timer'
    

Usage

import BackgroundTimer from 'react-native-background-timer';

Crossplatform

To use the same code both on Android and iOS use runBackgroundTimer() and stopBackgroundTimer(). There can be used only one background timer to keep code consistent.

BackgroundTimer.runBackgroundTimer(() => { 
//code that will be called every 3 seconds 
}, 
3000);
//rest of code will be performing for iOS on background too

BackgroundTimer.stopBackgroundTimer(); //after this call all code on background stop run.

iOS

After iOS update logic of background task little bit changed. So we can't use as it was. You have to use only start() and stop() without parameters. And all code that is performing will continue performing on background including all setTimeout() timers.

Example:

BackgroundTimer.start();
// Do whatever you want incuding setTimeout;
BackgroundTimer.stop();

If you call stop() on background no new tasks will be started! Don't call .start() twice, as it stop performing previous background task and starts new. If it will be called on backgound no tasks will run.

Android

You can use the setInterval and setTimeout functions. This API is identical to that of react-native and can be used to quickly replace existing timers with background timers.

// Start a timer that runs continuous after X milliseconds
const intervalId = BackgroundTimer.setInterval(() => {
    // this will be executed every 200 ms
    // even when app is the the background
    console.log('tic');
}, 200);

// Cancel the timer when you are done with it
BackgroundTimer.clearInterval(intervalId);
// Start a timer that runs once after X milliseconds
const timeoutId = BackgroundTimer.setTimeout(() => {
    // this will be executed once after 10 seconds
    // even when app is the the background
    console.log('tac');
}, 10000);

// Cancel the timeout if necessary
BackgroundTimer.clearTimeout(timeoutId);

Obsolete

Obsolete usage which doesn't support multiple background timers.

import {
  DeviceEventEmitter,
  NativeAppEventEmitter,
  Platform,
} from 'react-native';

import BackgroundTimer from 'react-native-background-timer';
const EventEmitter = Platform.select({
  ios: () => NativeAppEventEmitter,
  android: () => DeviceEventEmitter,
})();
// start a global timer
BackgroundTimer.start(5000); // delay in milliseconds only for Android
// listen for event
EventEmitter.addListener('backgroundTimer', () => {
    // this will be executed once after 5 seconds
    console.log('toe');
});
// stop the timer
BackgroundTimer.stop();
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