Sign Up for Free

RunKit +

Try any Node.js package right in your browser

This is a playground to test code. It runs a full Node.js environment and already has all of npm’s 400,000 packages pre-installed, including string-math with all npm packages installed. Try it out:

var stringMath = require("string-math")

This service is provided by RunKit and is not affiliated with npm, Inc or the package authors.

string-math v1.2.1

Evaluates the result of the String arithmetical expression

Description

string-math is a module (function) that computes the [Number] result from the [String] arithmetical formula.

  • It does not use eval()
  • It uses regular expressions to parse [String] formulas "2+2" into [Number] formulas 2+2. Then it is performed as the common JavaScript arithmetic operation.
"2 + 2"  //4
"3*(5-2)"  //9
" 2.5  *   2.5  /   .1" //62.5
"3.5+5*(-4-(3/(3+1)-12*3-.2*22)-16/4*12-5/(2)+3.5+2.5*(1.5-2*7))-16" //-225.5
".25e+2*10" //250
  • Any bugs found? Give me to know on GitHub
  • If you need to perform arithmetic formulas with the floating point precision (avoid 0.30000000000000004 return values) or to perform arithmetic formulas with big numbers, check out exact-math package. It implements string-math features as the exactMath.formula method.

Installation

with NodeJS / bundlers

npm install string-math

var stringMath = require('string-math');

stringMath("--1") //1
stringMath("2/-2") //-1
stringMath("-5-5") //-10

with Browser

1. Add string-math.js to the HTML file.
<head>
  <script src="./string-math.js"></script>
</head>

Any other dependencies are needed.

2. Use stringMath global Function from string-math.js.
var result = stringMath("2+2");
Browser Support
ChromeFirefoxIESafariOpera
yesyesyesyesyes

Tests

> git clone https://github.com/devrafalko/string-math.git
> cd string-math
> npm install
> npm test
> npm test deep //displays error messages

Usage

stringMath(expression[,callback])

expression [String]
  • the arithmetical formula
  • it can contain:
    • [0-9] digits
    • 1.5, 0.5 or .5 decimal fractions
    • -5, -.4, -5.55 negative values
    • 2e-2, .25e+12, -3e-10 exponential notation values
    • * multiplication sign
    • / division sign
    • + plus sign
    • - subtraction sign
    • ( and ) parentheses
callback [Function] (optional) (synchronous)
  • by default, if the callback argument is omitted and the expression is of incorrect type or is invalid, the Error object is thrown. If the callback is defined, the Error object is passed through the callback function, rather than being thrown.
  • if the [Function] callback argument is defined, it is called with the following arguments:
    • [0] error
      It equals null, if the expression is of correct type and is valid math formula.
      Otherwise it equals Error object.
    • [1] result
      It equals null if the expression is of incorrect type or if the math formula is invalid.
      Otherwise it equals [Number] result.

Return

If the math formula is of correct type and is valid, it returns the [Number] result. Otherwise it returns null.

Tips

  • the arithmetic order of operations is respected:
    • parentheses first
    • then division and multiplication (from left to right)
    • then addition and subtraction (from left to right)
  • the multiplication sign can be omitted before parentheses; 4(2+1); equals to 4*(2+1)
  • the following signs combinations are allowed:
    • 2 * -2; equals to 2 * (-2)
    • 2 / -2; equals to 2 / (-2)
    • +2 + 2; equals to 2 + 2
    • 2 + +2; equals to 2 + 2
    • -2 - -2 equals to -2 + 2
    • -2 - +2 equals to -2 - 2
    • -2 + -2 equals to -2 - 2
  • the (multi)spaces between values, signs and parentheses are allowed:
    • 2 + 2
    • 2 + ( -2 - -2)
    • 2 + (+2 + +4 / -1)
    • -.1 - -5
    • 2 + 3e-5
    • .25e+5 * -.25e-5
  • the spaces are not allowed between:
    • negative sign and value: -2 - - 2
    • period and digit in decimal fraction: 5 + . 3
    • exponential notation formula: .2 e-5, 2e - 5, 3e +10
RunKit is a free, in-browser JavaScript dev environment for prototyping Node.js code, with every npm package installed. Sign up to share your code.
Sign Up for Free